Goffinet Farm raises pure-bred Limousin cattle for meat production. Quentin took over non-organic Limousin cattle production from his father in 2004, immediately converting it to organic methods. Over the years, he has become 99% independent of external feed production.
A clean plot, that’s what you need. And there’s nothing better than grassland to keep the land clean.
Organic livestock farming of 250 Limousin cattle for meat production. Quentin Goffinet’s farm is 99% self-sufficient for its feed. Feed production (grain and legumes) requires 15 ha. Apart from this, 11 ha is dedicated to growing seed potatoes (5 different varieties), produced under contract with the seed distributor. Potatoes unsuitable for reproduction are sold for retail consumption at the farm.
Date of establishment
The Goffinets’ farm has been in the family for generations. Quentin started out in 2004, taking 60 Limousin cows (non-organic) from his father, then added 24 organic Limousin cows from a neighbour 5 years later. He immediately converted to organic farming, for which the breed and the region are very suitable. He wanted to be independent as far as feed is concerned, in particular to avoid the significant costs of organic-certified feed. Starting with only 40 ha (8 of which were intended for grain), he subsequently acquired new land from nearby, increasing his livestock farming and his overall production.
Number of associates and workers
Quentin works alone and gets occasional help from his family.
The agro-ecological practices
To avoid using pesticides on his grain and potato crops, Quentin does the following:
- He prepares the soil and weeds mechanically
- He rotates crops
- He uses Bordeaux mixture as a preventative measure (and in emergency) on the potato crops
Technical information concerning agro-ecological practices
Preparing the land
It’s essential to avoid weeds appearing at all if possible. Starting after harvest, Quentin uses two techniques: stubble ploughing and stale seedbed. Initially, he ploughs over with a disc harrow to cut down the residue of the harvest and any weeds. Then, he ploughs over with the tooth harrow (using crow’s feet), which will
- firstly, destroy any weeds that have rooted after the first ploughing
- secondly, loosen the soil and make any remaining weed seeds germinate
This process is repeated 2 to 3 times per year, and enables Quentin to eradicate weeds (the quantity of new growth decreases each time).
Using the chain harrow to get rid of weeds: this takes up the roots of weeds, which dry out in the sun. In plots with potato plants, Quentin then goes over them with the potato hiller to replace the earth in mounds (and avoid the potatoes becoming exposed).
For potatoes, Quentin conducts a 7-year rotation, applying the following model:
- 1st year: potato plants
- 2nd & 3rd years: grain to be harvested (spelt / triticale), possibly with intercropping
- 4th year: grasses and protein crops intended for silage (for livestock); for this, he uses a relatively complex and resistant mixture
- 5th (start of July), 6th and 7th years: grasslands (grass)
- For grain crops, Quentin uses a 5-year rotation:
- 2 years of grain
- 3 years of grassland (grass)
The only treatments Quentin applies are preventative, against mildew and aphids on potato plants. For mildew, he uses Bordeaux mixture (copper and algae, +/- 5kg/ha) to which he will add rape oil if there is a risk of aphids (only once every 7 years in rotation except in emergency). If there is an outbreak alert, he’ll apply this treatment twice a week.
From a financial point of view, these agro-ecological practices cost Quentin the following: Bordeaux mixture: €160/ha – Rape oil: €150/ha
- Potato hiller: €300 (bought second-hand)
- Chain harrow: shared with a neighbouring farmer (€15,000 new)
- Stubble plough: €12,000 at the time (€18,000 today)
Certain tools are shared with a neighbouring colleague.
Through investing in these chemical-free techniques, farmers are able to stay secure financially, saving a significant amount on chemical treatments and investing instead in long-term methods (eg. rotations) to keep the soil healthy and minimise weeds.